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The Most Fitness-Friendly Cities In America

The Most Fitness-Friendly Cities In AmericaPhoto credit: flickrSummer is almost here and with it, many people are looking to get in better shape.Find out now: How much house can I afford?At SmartAsset, we're all about helping people meet their biggest goals (like retirement and homeownership). That's why we wanted to find the cities that make getting in shape easiest. These are the...


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ICYMI: An Infuriating History Of Breast Cancer And The Psychological Depth Of ‘YOLO'

ICYMI: An Infuriating History Of Breast Cancer And The Psychological Depth Of ‘YOLO'ICYMI Health features what we're reading this week. This week, we took a closer look at psychology across disciplines. We were fascinated that 18th-century doctors blamed women for their breast cancer diagnoses and disappointed that new research confirmed what many already suspected: teachers tend to punish black students more harshly than...


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Amazon tribe's antibiotic resistance concerns experts

A Yanomami family eats at Irotatheri community in Amazonas state, southern Venezuela, on September 7, 2012A remote tribe in the Venezuelan Amazon appears to be resistant to modern antibiotics, even though its members have had barely any contact with the outside world, researchers said Friday. The modern era of antibiotics began in the 1940s when penicillin quickly became a popular drug.


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Tanzanian woman wins landmark case over childbirth operation

By Kizito Makoye DAR ES SALAAM (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A woman left unable to have children after a defective caesarian section operation in Tanzania has won a landmark case against a local hospital whose surgeon left a piece of cloth inside her. Mwamini Adam and her husband filed a lawsuit at the high court in western Tabora region against Urambo District Council's hospital four years ago, demanding 500 million Tanzanian Shillings ($265,000) for physical and emotional distress. Adam, 37, accused Jacob Kamanda, a gynecologist and obstetrician at the district hospital, of professional negligence and misconduct after he left a piece of cloth in her stomach after performing a caesarian section operation. She said the defective operation meant she can no longer give birth because doctors performing a life-saving corrective operation decided to remove her uterus.

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Campaign begins in Arizona to make recreational marijuana legal

A fully budded marijuana plant ready for trimming is seen at the Botanacare marijuana store ahead of their grand opening on New Year's day in Northglenn, ColoradoBy David Schwartz PHOENIX (Reuters) - Advocates for legalizing marijuana launched a petition campaign in Phoenix on Friday seeking a ballot measure that could make Arizona the fifth U.S. state to allow possession, cultivation and consumption of small amounts of pot for recreational use. Supporters have until July of next year to obtain the signatures of 150,642 registered voters in the politically conservative state in order to get their initiative placed on the November 2016 ballot, election officials said. Following the leads of five other western states and the District of Columbia, the Arizona measure would legalize possession, cultivation and private personal consumption of marijuana by adults for the sake of just getting high. Arizona is already one of 23 U.S. states, plus the District of Columbia, that allow marijuana for medicinal purposes.


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Man gets 100 years for killing Montana teacher in drug-fueled frenzy

A man who admitted killing a Montana teacher during a cocaine frenzy was sentenced to 100 years in prison by a state judge on Friday in a case that authorities said underscored a crime wave that accompanied a regional oil boom. Michael Spell, 25, of Parachute, Colorado, pleaded guilty in October to deliberate homicide in the strangling death of math instructor Sherry Arnold, legal documents showed. The agreement came after several court hearings that sought to determine Spell's competence, with defense attorneys claiming he was unfit to stand trial because of mental deficiencies. Arnold, 43, vanished in January 2012 while on a predawn run in her rural hometown of Sidney, where at the time authorities were noting a sharp increase in population and crime tied to an oil boom spanning northeastern Montana and northwestern North Dakota.

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U.S. regulators may recommend testing food for glyphosate residues

U.S. regulators may start testing food products for residues of the world's most widely used herbicide, the Environmental Protection Agency told Reuters on Friday, as public concern rises over possible links to disease. Glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup herbicide, has come under intense scrutiny since a research unit of the World Health Organization reported last month it was classifying glyphosate as "probably carcinogenic to humans." The herbicide is considered safe by the EPA, as well as many foreign regulatory agencies, including in the European Union. Still, a number of companies, consumer groups and advocacy organizations have been sampling foods, as well as human urine and breast milk, to try to determine the pervasiveness of glyphosate residues. Its use has surged with the advancement of genetically engineered crops.

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Early Haiti rains bring risk of bleak cholera season

A girl crosses a puddle of water after heavy rains at a makeshift tent camp in Cite Soleil in Port-au-PrinceBy Peter Granitz PORT-AU-PRINCE (Reuters) - Haitian officials are reporting a spike in cholera cases late last year and carrying over into the first three months of 2015 as an early start to the rainy season has public health workers worried. As of March 28, the Haitian Ministry of Health confirmed at least 11,721 cases of cholera, more than a 300 percent increase from the same period last year. “Last May there were hardly any cholera cases. Everybody was very excited, thinking this is the first step toward elimination,” said Oliver Schulz, head of the Haiti office of Doctors Without Borders.


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Pfizer wins first U.S. trial over Zoloft birth-defect risk

The Pfizer logo is seen at their world headquarters in New YorkPfizer Inc scored a key victory Friday when it was cleared of liability in the first U.S. trial involving claims that its antidepressant Zoloft can cause birth defects in children born to women who take the drug while pregnant. Plaintiff Kristyn Pesante claimed that Pfizer failed to warn that using Zoloft during pregnancy could cause birth defects and sought damages after her son was born with a rare, serious congenital heart problem. Following a week-long trial in St. Louis, Missouri, jurors deliberated briefly before clearing Pfizer of liability, according to a Pfizer spokeswoman Neha Wadhwa.


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FDA approves AcuFocus' corneal implant

(Reuters) - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved AcuFocus Inc's corneal implant to improve vision in patients with presbyopia, an age-related eye disorder. The device, KAMRA inlay, is the first implantable device to correct vision in patients who have not had cataract surgery, the FDA said in a statement on Friday. The FDA, however, warned that the device should not to be used in patients who have had cataract surgery or those who have severe dry eye disease.

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U.S. presses Mexico to ease poultry import limits brought by bird flu

Chickens look out from a cage at a wholesale poultry market in Hong KongBy Tom Polansek CHICAGO (Reuters) - The United States is pressing Mexico, the top importer of U.S. chickens and turkeys, to relax restrictions imposed on poultry shipments because of an outbreak of a strain of avian flu deadly to birds, an Agriculture Department spokeswoman confirmed on Friday. Negotiations are playing out as the number of U.S. poultry flocks infected with the disease continues to rise and the cost of the U.S. government response is approaching $50 million. Government officials are aiming to limit the economic pain the H5N2 flu causes to producers and exporters by asking Mexico to restrict imports only from counties that are home to infected flocks. So far, Mexico has imposed trade restrictions on entire states, including top U.S. turkey producer Minnesota, when infections have been detected.


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Correction: Bird Flu story

In this photo provided by Bethany Hahn is a flock of turkeys at a Minnesota poultry farm. The country’s poultry industry may have to live with a deadly bird flu strain for several years, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s chief veterinary officer said Thursday, April 16, 2015 on a visit to Minnesota, the state hit hardest by outbreaks that have cost Midwest producers over 2 million turkeys and chickens. (Bethany Hahn via AP)ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) — In a story April 16 about bird flu, The Associated Press reported erroneously that recent outbreaks had led to the death of more than 2.5 million turkeys and chickens. The correct figure at the time was more than 2.4 million, and not all the birds slated to be euthanized had been.


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Thank God for Peanut Butter and Jelly Day

Thank God for Peanut Butter and Jelly DayKaylyn Sigman is a high school senior with big plans. A star soccer player from a poor rural Appalachian Ohio community who loves calculus and creative writing, she's college-bound this fall and dreams of becoming a middle school special education teacher. Kaylyn's overcome a lot to arrive where she is today. Her parents' relationship was rocky...


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Breastfeeding could keep new moms tobacco free

For new moms who smoked during pregancy, breastfeeding could keep them from relapsing, according to a new study.Seventy percent of moms-to-be who quit smoking during pregnancy pick it up again within the first year after childbirth, but breastfeeding could reduce that statistic, according to a new study. "Breastfeeding seems to be a protective factor against increases in smoking after childbirth, so interventions should educate women about breastfeeding to maximize effectiveness," says Shannon Shisler of the State University of New York at Buffalo. Of new moms who relapse, 67 percent revisit the habit just three months after their children are born and 90 percent resume by six months, according to the study, which was published in the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research. "Although women decreased their tobacco consumption across their pregnancy, by nine months postpartum they had substantially increased their smoking," says Shisler, who adds that at this point they went back to smoking more than half of the cigarettes they smoke per day before conceiving.


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California declares end to measles outbreak

The recent measles outbreak in California began at a Disney theme park, and researchers have said it was able to spread because not enough children were being vaccinatedPublic health authorities in California announced Friday the end of a measles outbreak that has struck at least 131 people since it was declared in December. No new measles cases have been reported for two 21-day incubation periods, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) said in a statement. "We are pleased this outbreak is over," said CDPH director Karen Smith, who nevertheless warned that it could reappear in the state at any time. Nationwide, 159 cases of measles have been reported since January 1 in 18 states and the District of Columbia, the federal Centers for Disease Control says.


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Household bleach may raise children’s infection risk

By Madeline Kennedy (Reuters Health) – - At home and at school, cleaning with chlorine bleach is meant to kill germs that could make kids sick, but a large European study finds bleach may be having the opposite effect. Children in The Netherlands, Finland and Spain who were regularly exposed to bleach-cleaned environments had higher rates of respiratory-tract infections, including influenza, bronchitis and tonsillitis. “We should be aware that some of the products (like bleach) that we use in our homes for cleaning are chemicals that may have also some effect on our health and also on our children's health,” said Lidia Casas of the Center for Environment and Health in Belgium who led the study. Previous studies have also linked cleaning products to respiratory health issues in children.

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Hearing aids may slow cognitive decline tied to hearing loss

A demonstration of the use of a hearing aid in Vienna November 22, 2013By Janice Neumann (Reuters Health) - - Hearing aids may lessen the forgetfulness and mental confusion tied to moderate to severe hearing loss, suggests a new study. “This study is important because it focuses on a risk factor that is amenable to intervention in later life and could potentially postpone cognitive decline,” said Jennifer Deal, the study’s lead author from the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. She and her colleagues write in the American Journal of Epidemiology that previous studies found a link to an increased risk between hearing loss and cognition problems. Few studies have focused on whether wearing hearing aids lessen the risk of future cognitive problems, they write.


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Colorado law enforcement switches message to safe pot use

In this photograph taken Thursday, April 16, 2015, reporter Trevor Hughes gets a closer look as smoke billows out of the windows of a car used in a campaign by the Colorado Department of Transportation to fight stoned driving during a demonstration in southeast Denver. Colorado authorities will take the car right to the targted demographic--males aged 21 to 34--this weekend when tens of thousands are expected at public rallies and concerts in observation of the 4/20 marijuana holiday. (AP Photo/David Zalubowski)DENVER (AP) — Breaking from decades of "Just Say No"-type messaging about marijuana use, Colorado law enforcement officials are starting a new campaign designed to promote safe marijuana use.


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Disney measles outbreak that sparked vaccination debate ends

LOS ANGELES (AP) — An outbreak of measles that popped up at Disneyland in late December soon spread to six other U.S. states, Mexico and Canada. Health officials suspect an infected traveler, who caught the virus overseas, visited the theme park and exposed others.

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Youth e-cigarette data prompts new calls to speed regulation

A man uses an E-cigarette in this illustration picture taken in ParisBy Toni Clarke WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Public health advocates are stepping up pressure on the U.S. government to quickly regulate and restrict access to e-cigarettes after new data showed use of the products tripled among high school and middle school children last year. The figures released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday raised concern among health officials who fear e-cigarettes will create a new generation of nicotine addicts who may eventually smoke conventional cigarettes. E-cigarette proponents said the data could indicate e-cigarettes are diverting young people away from conventional cigarettes, a view rejected by tobacco control advocates. The rule must also be reviewed by the Department of Health and Human Services and then by the White House's Office of Management and Budget, which analyzes the potential economic consequences of proposed regulations.


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Elmo Says 'Get Vaccinated' in New Video

Elmo gets into the battle to raise vaccination levels.

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Options market sees Celladon heart drug as all-or-nothing bet

By Saqib Iqbal Ahmed NEW YORK (Reuters) - Celladon Corp's shares could either double in value or collapse over the next four weeks after the drug developer announces results from a heart failure gene therapy trial, options data shows. Later this month, Celladon is expected to report results from a mid-stage study of Mydicar, its experimental gene therapy for advanced heart failure, a condition in which the heart muscle cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.

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California health officials declare measles outbreak over

Measles poster is seen at Venice Family Clinic in Los AngelesBy Alex Dobuzinskis LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - A measles outbreak in California that began in December at the Disneyland and California Adventure theme parks and highlighted the risk of unvaccinated people becoming infected and spreading the disease has ended with 131 cases, officials said on Friday. Nineteen percent of the people in California who became ill from measles had to be hospitalized, said Dr. Gil Chavez, state epidemiologist and deputy director of the Center for Infectious Diseases at the California Department of Public Health.


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Chernobyl Survivor to Be Pushed in Team Hoyt Wheelchair for Boston Marathon

Alosha O'Brien, 30, will be pushed 26.2 miles for his second Boston Marathon.

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Chicago's former archbishop, Cardinal Francis George, dies at 78

By Mary Wisniewski CHICAGO (Reuters) - Cardinal Francis George, Archbishop of Chicago from 1997 until 2014, died on Friday at the age of 78 after a long battle with cancer, Archbishop Blase Cupich said. Known for his intellectualism and strong defense of church dogma - including sometimes controversial statements against gay marriage - George halted his treatment for bladder cancer early in 2015. Pope Francis accepted his resignation in September 2014 and appointed then-Bishop Cupich of Spokane, Washington, to succeed him as head of the nation's third-largest archdiocese, which includes Chicago and surrounding areas. George was president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops between 2007 to 2010, helping to set policy for the U.S. church.

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Glaxo recalls flu vaccine due to potency problem

WASHINGTON (AP) — GlaxoSmithKline is recalling remaining doses of a popular four-in-one flu vaccine because of effectiveness problems.

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Large measles outbreak traced to Disneyland is declared over

FILE - In this Jan. 22, 2015, file photo, people crowd Main Street at Disneyland in Anaheim, Calif. California health officials have declared an end to the large measles outbreak that originated at Disneyland in December. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File)LOS ANGELES (AP) — California health authorities on Friday declared an end to a large measles outbreak that started at Disneyland and triggered a national debate about vaccinations.


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Amazonian tribe study shows how human bodily bacteria is changing

Handout picture of a group of huts in an isolated village inhabited by Yanomami Amerindians in southern VenezuelaBy Will Dunham WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Everyone's body is brimming with bacteria, and these microbes do plenty of good things like building the immune system and helping digestion. A study published on Friday looking at the gut, mouth and skin microbes in people from a small, isolated tribe in southern Venezuela's Amazonian jungles shows just how much modern life may be altering humankind's bodily bacteria. The Yanomami villagers, secluded from the outside world until 2009, possessed the most diverse collection of bacteria ever found in people including some never before detected in humans, said scientists whose research appears in the journal Science Advances. The researchers were surprised to learn the Yanomami's microbes harbored antibiotic-resistant genes including those conferring resistance to manmade antibiotics, considering they never had exposure to commercial antibiotics.


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Strong dollar hit to GE, Honeywell may bode poorly for other industrials

The logo of US conglomerate General Electric is pictured at the company's site in BelfortGeneral Electric Co and Honeywell International Inc said on Friday they will take steps to cushion the impact of a stronger dollar, which hurt first-quarter results at both companies. Indeed, the impact of currency shifts on U.S. companies will be highlighted further next week with quarterly reports from United Technologies Corp , which already slashed its 2015 financial forecast in January over currency worries, as well as from 3M Co and Illinois Tool Works Inc . GE said foreign currency effects shaved $950 million, or 4 percentage points, off its sales in the first quarter. Honeywell also reported a 4-percentage-point quarterly drag from a stronger dollar, and projected that exchange fluctuations would weigh down sales by $1.7 billion this year.


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Stretching won’t prevent tendon injuries

Kenyan athletes stretch during a training session in Kigari-EmbuBy Roxanne Nelson (Reuters Health) - - Tendon injuries are common in sports, and there are many schools of thought on how to avoid them. Shock absorbing insoles, and hormone replacement therapy for postmenopausal women, on the other hand, did offer protection for some, the researchers found. "Stretching is often viewed as an empirically accepted method to prevent sports injuries, including tendinopathy," write the authors, led by Janne A. Peters from the University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands. "However, there is no scientific evidence that confirms this," they point out in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.


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Indiana reports jump in new HIV cases in rural outbreak

About 2880 candles are seen lit during a World AIDS Day event in Jakarta(Reuters) - An HIV outbreak in southeastern Indiana related to abuse of intravenous prescription drugs has jumped by 24 cases in the past week, an increase attributed to offering more testing resources, state health officials said on Friday. The outbreak centered in rural Scott County near the border with Kentucky has reached 130 cases, including 10 preliminary positive tests, up from 106 a week ago, health officials said. Scott County, about 30 miles north of Louisville, Kentucky, has been the center of the outbreak, the biggest in the state's history. A needle exchange program started April 4 for Scott County residents has so far distributed 5,322 clean syringes to 86 people and collected 1,400 used syringes, health officials said.


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Why nobody knows what's really going into your food

Companies take advantage of a loophole allowing them to deem a food additive "generally recognized as safe" without the FDA's knowledge.

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Illinois house speaker puts budget fix under review

Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner's controversial approach to balancing the state budget will be the target of a new legislative panel announced by the house speaker on Friday. Michael Madigan, the powerful long-time head of the Democrat-controlled House, said the budget oversight panel would "closely examine" recent actions by Illinois' new Republican governor to plug a $1.6 billion hole in the current state budget. “While I believe that a budget solution should include a balance of spending cuts and additional revenue, as a state it’s also our duty to protect our most vulnerable citizens, including children with autism, persons with developmental disabilities and lower-income women in need of breast cancer screenings,” Madigan said in a statement. "(Rauner) looks forward to working with the legislature to find a bipartisan solution that puts Illinois on the road to becoming the most competitive state in the country,” the governor's office said in a statement.

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Ebola-hit countries call for $8 bn for 'Marshall Plan'

Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai Koroma (R) listens to Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf as she addresses a meeting on the response to the Ebola crisis at the IMF/World Bank Spring Meetings in Washington, on April 17, 2015The three West African countries hit hardest by the Ebola epidemic called for an $8 billion "Marshall Plan" on Friday to help rebuild their economies and boost prevention efforts. With the number of new cases having dwindled after the disease took more than 10,000 lives over the past year, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone said they need much more financial aid to overcome the disaster and ensure it can't happen again. Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf told global financial and aid leaders in Washington that while sum was high, it was crucial to help seal recovery in the three countries. We say no, because a strong Mano River Union can be a formidable force for recovery and resilience in the subregion," Sirleaf told a meeting which included the heads of the United Nations, World Bank and International Monetary Fund, and representatives of leading countries and international development groups.


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Maple syrup emerges as potential hero in antibiotic resistance crisis

Produced from the sap of North American maple trees, maple syrup may contain natural antibacterial elements.When it's been concentrated, an extract of maple syrup weakens harmful bacteria, reducing their resistance to antibiotics, according to a new study at McGill University in Canada. Making microbes more susceptible to being overcome by antibiotics could cut down on the amount that's necessary to fight them, say the researchers. Increasing antibiotic use is thought to be contributing to the burgeoning antibiotic resistance crisis, which has become a major public health concern on a global scale. Maple syrup is made from the sap of the North American maple tree, which makes it an excellent source of these natural pathogen-killing compounds.


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Mobile messaging can cut hospital readmissions

Generic: Close up of a man using mobile smart phone, smartphone, cell phone, internet, text, sms, technologyA 10-month Philadelphia hospital text message and email reminder pilot scheme cut its 30-day readmission rates among chronic heart failure patients by 10%.


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Bristol's Opdivo proves effective against second type of lung cancer

A large study of Bristol-Myers Squibb Co's Opdivo treatment has been halted after proving the drug is effective against the most common form of lung cancer, the company said, positioning the medicine for far wider use than its already approved lung cancer and melanoma indications. The U.S. drugmaker on Friday said the study, called Checkmate-057, was stopped early after an independent data monitoring committee concluded that Opdivo provided a survival advantage over docetaxel, a standard chemotherapy, among patients with previously treated non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Opdivo is also approved for use against metastatic melanoma following treatment with Yervoy, another Bristol-Myers immuno-therapy. Merck, which aims by midyear to seek U.S. approval of Keytruda for both squamous and non-squamous NSCLC, must now contemplate the likelihood of Bristol-Myers eventually competing in both arenas.

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Intersex surgeries spark move away from drastic treatment

In this Thursday, Feb. 19, 2015 photo, Pidgeon Pagonis poses for a photo at home in Chicago. Pagonis, who was raised a girl but has male chromosomes, works as an activist opposing drastic genital surgery for intersex children. (AP Photo/M. Spencer Green)CHICAGO (AP) — She was born to a young Chicago couple, named Jennifer, and grew into a beautiful long-lashed child with wavy dark hair, big brown eyes and a yearning, youthful desire to be just like all the other girls.


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Pup Gets Life-Changing Surgery After a Lifetime of Crawling

Roscoe got life-changing surgery to fix his legs after a lifetime of crawling.

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Texas Teen With Down Syndrome's Reaction to Getting 1st Job Will Make You Smile

Ben Sunderman waited for days for his acceptance letter.





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